This report, commissioned by the Global Cultural Districts Network (GCDN) and written by Professor Geoffrey Crossick analyses the different ways social impact is defined; draws out current good practice, highlighting gaps and challenges; and suggests a framework and principles for future action. We hope it will galvanize districts to reflect further on current approaches and join up where appropriate to share knowledge and practice. This is intended to be the first part of a deeper GCDN enquiry into districts and impact which requires better indicators, pooled resources and a wider set of partners and collaborators. We know there is much to learn from existing initiatives, from the cultural sector and beyond, and look forward to working together on this and contributing to a better body of policy and practice for more successful communities and cities.
The Cultural Infrastructure Index, undertaken for the Global Cultural Districts Network by AEA Consulting, seeks to measure investment in capital projects in the cultural sector, identifying projects with a budget of US$10 million or more that were publicly announced or completed within a calendar year. “Cultural infrastructure” comprises museums, performing arts centers, and cultural hubs or districts, and projects tracked include new buildings, renovations, and expansions.
This inaugural Cultural Infrastructure Index covers 2016. The collected data reveals some US$8.45 billion in new physical assets that came online last year (101 completed projects), and a further US$8.54 billion in investment announced across 135 new projects. Our analysis shows the median budget for announced projects (US$36 million) is lower than that for completed projects (US$41 million).
This report, commissioned by the Global Cultural Districts Network (GCDN) and written by Kiley Arroyo describes diverse tools that cultural districts can use to spur investment and create new revenue streams while protecting the local character and neighborhood identity. It is the first consolidated source of advice on finance mechanisms, public policies, and equity-centered practices — known as value-capture tools — that can be used to recover and reinvest increases in real estate value that benefit communities as well as property owners and developers.
The toolkit of proven value-capture tools, both direct and indirect, are defined, discussed, and illustrated in case studies contained in the report. These tools have been used to direct revenue streams to offset maintenance costs and yield new revenue to use for public benefits that would otherwise be left solely to market forces. These benefits allow cultural districts to take control of the development taking place in their locations and discourage the rise of gentrification.
This research began well before the compounding crises of 2020 hit. However, their role in revealing the extent to which many communities lack resilience and equitable access to vital resources rendered this topic even more timely. Download the executive summary here.
The Cultural Infrastructure Index, undertaken for the Global Cultural Districts Network by AEA Consulting, seeks to measure investment in capital projects in the cultural sector, identifying projects with a budget of US$10 million or more.
This year’s findings reveal an increase in both the number and value of completed projects over 2017, with a significant bump in the Middle East, reflecting the completion of the Louvre Abu Dhabi. North America continues to lead in the number of projects, followed by Europe and Asia.
While many believe the era of the “starchitect” may be ending, cultural infrastructure strategies are now firmly part of the public policy discourse in many countries. The private sector now appears to be driving a further wave of investment, expanding the definition of “culture” further into entertainment and experience.
Cities have become the focal point for creation, innovation and exchange. In the new urban age, where all cities compete against each other to attract and retain residents, visitors, investment, talent, events, creative people, organizations, etc., culture, creativity and the arts are increasingly a central point of differentiation and attraction. They help to transform and to shape people’s own identities, both for residents and visitors.